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When was the last time your SQL Server database was restored

MSSQLTips author Thomas LaRock By:   |   Read Comments (7)   |   Related Tips: More > Restore

Problem
Often times we are asked the question "when was the last time my database was restored, and where was it restored from?"  In this tip, we will look at some of the system tables that capture restore history information and how you can query these system tables to answer this question.

Solution
The restore history information is readily available inside the msdb, making the solution as easy as a few lines of T-SQL.


Returning the details

Here is some T-SQL that will return information about the last time a database has been restored. There are two variables, @dbname and @days, that you can configure. The first (@dbname) would be the name of the database you are searching for and would need to be enclosed in single quotation marks. If you leave it NULL than all databases will be returned. The second variable (@days) would be a negative integer (i.e., -7) which represents how many days previously you want to search. So, -7 would translate to returning the previous week's worth of history. If you leave it NULL then the script will default to searching for only the previous thirty days.

DECLARE @dbname sysname, @days int
SET @dbname = NULL --substitute for whatever database name you want
SET @days = -30 --previous number of days, script will default to 30
SELECT
 rsh.destination_database_name AS [Database],
 rsh.user_name AS [Restored By],
 CASE WHEN rsh.restore_type = 'D' THEN 'Database'
  WHEN rsh.restore_type = 'F' THEN 'File'
  WHEN rsh.restore_type = 'G' THEN 'Filegroup'
  WHEN rsh.restore_type = 'I' THEN 'Differential'
  WHEN rsh.restore_type = 'L' THEN 'Log'
  WHEN rsh.restore_type = 'V' THEN 'Verifyonly'
  WHEN rsh.restore_type = 'R' THEN 'Revert'
  ELSE rsh.restore_type 
 END AS [Restore Type],
 rsh.restore_date AS [Restore Started],
 bmf.physical_device_name AS [Restored From], 
 rf.destination_phys_name AS [Restored To]
FROM msdb.dbo.restorehistory rsh
 INNER JOIN msdb.dbo.backupset bs ON rsh.backup_set_id = bs.backup_set_id
 INNER JOIN msdb.dbo.restorefile rf ON rsh.restore_history_id = rf.restore_history_id
 INNER JOIN msdb.dbo.backupmediafamily bmf ON bmf.media_set_id = bs.media_set_id
WHERE rsh.restore_date >= DATEADD(dd, ISNULL(@days, -30), GETDATE()) --want to search for previous days
AND destination_database_name = ISNULL(@dbname, destination_database_name) --if no dbname, then return all
ORDER BY rsh.restore_history_id DESC
GO

The script will return the following result set:

Here is the definition of each of the result set columns.

Column Name Description
Database The name of the target database.
Restored By The name of the user that performed the restore.
Restore Type The type of restore performed. The possible types include the following:
  • D - Database
  • F - File
  • G - Filegroup
  • I - Differential
  • L - Log
  • V - Verifyonly
  • R - Revert
Restore Started The time at which the restore command was started.
Restored From The file(s) that the restore used in the RESTORE command.
Restored To The database data files restored (or created) as a result of the RESTORE command.

Next Steps



Last Update: 4/7/2009


About the author
MSSQLTips author Thomas LaRock
Thomas LaRock is a seasoned IT professional with over a decade of experience. He is a Senior DBA for Confio Software and SQL Server MVP.

View all my tips
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Comments and Feedback:
Thursday, January 07, 2010 - 2:24:38 PM - phillips_jim Read The Tip

How would you determine when the restore completed and then calculate how long the restore took?  I do not see any columns that might provide the completion time and date of the restore in the msdb.dbo.restorehistory table or any other restore related table.  Is this information available in any of the dictionary tables dbo, sys or INFORMATION_SCHEMA tables or views of Master or MSDB?


Wednesday, May 02, 2012 - 2:32:02 PM - amir Read The Tip

Very nice snippet. Thanks a lot.


Monday, July 23, 2012 - 6:57:00 PM - Maddy Read The Tip

Thanks Your script works.


Friday, October 12, 2012 - 12:35:09 PM - P Read The Tip

Thank you. Wors perfectly.


Tuesday, September 24, 2013 - 7:40:44 AM - Ahish RV Read The Tip

Good post, i was looking for this script since i wanted to check when was the last time i restored and most importantly from which backup path, since i had taken lot of backups of the same DB :)

 

thanks


Wednesday, October 30, 2013 - 4:46:04 PM - SQLDBA Read The Tip

Hi,

What difference between file and database type restore in mssql ?


Tuesday, March 18, 2014 - 1:35:03 PM - Bala Read The Tip

I appreciate your help, I was looking this similar query to find out the restore  history



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