One of the junior SQL Server Database Administrators in my company approached
me yesterday with a dilemma. He want to know how to enabled the Dedicated
Administrator Connection in SQL Server. At first I started to tell him, but
figured it would be smarter to document the options and share the information.
This tips shows you how you can enable this feature.
In SQL Server 2005, Microsoft introduced a new feature called Dedicated Administrator Connection (DAC). Using this feature a SQL Server Database Administrator can connect to a SQL Server Instance when the database engine is not responding to regular connections. During such a scenario a DBA can connect to the SQL Server Instance to troubleshoot and to kill any of the SQL Server Processes which are causing the issues.
The DAC allows database administrators to connect to a SQL Server Instance and to execute T-SQL commands to troubleshoot and fix issues rather than rebooting the SQL Server which could lead to database corruption or other problems. By default, the remote Dedicated Administrator Connection feature is disabled in SQL Server 2005 and later versions. It's a good practice to enable the DAC feature once SQL Server is installed on every instance as this will help you troubleshoot issues when regular connections are not responding. However, only one dedicated administrator connection is allowed at a time on SQL Server 2005 and later versions.
Enable Dedicated Administrator Connection in SQL Server Using TSQL
Execute the below T-SQL to enable remote clients to utilize the Dedicated Administrator Connection.
/* 0 = Allow Local Connection, 1 = Allow Remote Connections*/
sp_configure 'remote admin connections', 1
Enable Dedicated Administrator Connection in SQL Server Using SQL Server Management Studio
Database Administrators can also enable Dedicated Administrator Connection Feature using SQL Server Management Studio. This can be done by right clicking the SQL Server Instance and selecting the Facets option from the drop down list as shown in the snippet below.
This will open up View Facets window as shown in the snippet below. Here you need to select Surface Area Configuration facet as highlighted and then select the option as "True" for RemoteDacEnabled.
Finally, click OK to save the configuration changes in the View Facets window.
You can also enable other database engine features like AsHocRemoteQueriesEnabled, ClrIntegrationEnabled, DatabaseMailEnabled, OleAutomationEnabled, ServiceBrokerEndpointActive, SoapEndpointsEnabled, SQLMailEnabled, WebAssistanceEnabled, XPCmdShellEnabled etc when required using the Surface Server Configuration Facet which is available in SQL Server Management Studio.
Once the Dedicated Administrator Connection is enabled you can connect to SQL Server using either SQL Server Management Studio or using SQLCMD.
Using DAC with SQLCMD
You need to be a member of the sysadmin fixed server role in order to use this feature. The "-A" switch is used to specify that the user is trying to connect to SQL Server using the Dedicated Administrator Connection.
The syntax to use DAC is mentioned below.
SQLCMD -S [SQL Server Name] -U [User Name] -P [Password] -A
Using DAC with SQL Server Management Studio
You need to specify "ADMIN:" before the SQL Server Instance name when trying to connect to an SQL Server Instance to using DAC feature as shown in the snippet below.
Once you are connected to SQL Server Instance using DAC, then you can execute code such as the code below to check the SQL Server health.
-- Locking Information
SELECT * FROM sys.dm_tran_locks
-- Cache Status
SELECT * FROM sys.dm_os_memory_cache_counters
-- Active Sessions
SELECT * FROM sys.dm_exec_sessions
-- Requests Status
SELECT * FROM sys.dm_exec_requests
Make sure you have enabled Dedicated Administrator Connection Feature on all SQL Server servers.
If at any point database engine is not allowing regular connections, then use this feature to troubleshoot issues without shutting down SQL Server.
I have one comment for SQL Server 2008 R2. In order to start the DAC in SSMS, I believe you need to navigate to File | New | Database Engine Query, then specify 'ADMIN:' prior to the server name. I believe as long as you have sa rights you can connect to the DAC either with a SQL Server standard login or Windows Authentication.
I do not think you can use the 'Connect' option from Object Explorer in order to start a DAC session.
Finally, I think you will know if the DAC connection has been established when you look at the bottom status bar in SSMS and see 'ADMIN:SQLServerName'.