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Find Last Restart of SQL Server


By:   |   Read Comments (10)   |   Related Tips: 1 | 2 | More > SQL Server Configurations

Problem

How can I tell when my SQL Server instance was last started?  In this tip we look at various methods of how to get the start time for a SQL Server instance.

Solution

Here are a few different ways that you can tell when SQL Server was last started.


Method 1: sys.dm_os_sys_info

This DMV, sys.dm_os_sys_info, contains a column that holds the startup time for SQL Server. You can run the following command to find the start time.

SELECT sqlserver_start_time FROM sys.dm_os_sys_info

sys.dm_os_sys_info


Method 2: SQL Server Error Log

If you open the current SQL Server error log in SSMS under Management > SQL Server Logs and scroll to the bottom of the error log you can see when the server was started. Note the highlighted text below "SQL Server is starting".  You will want to look for this to make sure the error log was not cycled and give you a false impression of the start time.

sql server error log start up time

Here is an example of a cycled error log and note the highlighted text.   If you see this you will need to look at a previous error log until you find the log that contains the information in the image above.

sql server log initialized

Note: if you are running the Express edition of SQL Server you cannot read the error logs directly from SSMS, but you can use xp_readerrorlog or navigate to the folder where the log files are stored and use a text editor to read the SQL Server error log files.


Method 3: Dashboard Reports

Another option is to use the SQL Server Dashboard Report.  Right click on the server name in SSMS and select Reports > Server Reports > Server Dashboard and you will get a report similar to the following.

sql server dashboard report


Method 4: Windows Event Viewer

Another option is to use Windows Event Viewer to look for the startup time.  If you open Windows Event Viewer and filter your Event Sources (in our case MSSQL$SQL2008) for the SQL Server instance and Event ID 17162 you can find all of the startup times that are still in the Event Viewer log.

windows event viewer start time

Here is a partial listing of the startup times for this instance.

windows event viewer sql startup log

Next Steps
  • Hopefully this information comes in handy the next time you want to find out when SQL Server was started. 
  • I think the DMV is the easiest way, but this wasn't introduced until SQL Server 2008.  Also, the Dashboard Report is probably new for SQL 2008 as well.
  • The error log method can be used for pretty much any version of SQL Server.


Last Update:






About the author
MSSQLTips author Greg Robidoux Greg Robidoux is the President of Edgewood Solutions and a co-founder of MSSQLTips.com.

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Tuesday, July 12, 2016 - 11:04:38 AM - Greg Robidoux Back To Top

Hi Hemant,

Not sure.  I would have suggested the things that you already looked at.

-Greg


Tuesday, July 12, 2016 - 10:57:42 AM - hemant Back To Top

 

 If some windows user had restarted the sql server from ssms by using sql server authentication (eg. sa) then how we can find out his local windows or domain username?

Event viewer user column says : N/A and sql deafult traces says: sa , but nowhere I couldn't found that windows username or domain username

 


Tuesday, September 16, 2014 - 3:08:57 PM - ASHISH Back To Top

Greg , I apriciate your help.....Thanks 


Tuesday, November 12, 2013 - 1:03:53 AM - Suresh Back To Top

Thanks 


Wednesday, December 26, 2012 - 3:50:49 AM - Darshan Back To Top

Thanks for great this article.


Wednesday, December 28, 2011 - 2:22:10 PM - Roberto Fonseca Back To Top

Another way (I think) the easiest way (if you cannot access the SQL Server Instance or SSMS) is to check the SQL Server Log/SQL Server Agent Log files. The default location is C:\Program Files\Microsoft SQL Server\MSSQL10_50.MSSQLSERVER\MSSQL\Log


Monday, December 19, 2011 - 10:08:51 AM - E Elhassan Back To Top

 

I found this article to be very useful as well. One other way to find out last time server was rebooted I was using net stats commandline:

C:\net stats Server

You will get more info about your server but on the very top of the return result you will see something like:

Statistics since mm/dd/yyyy hh:mm AM/PM

 

 


Monday, September 19, 2011 - 9:53:58 AM - Paul Kirk Back To Top

One other method...

 

Instances running SQL 2005 or later usually write an entry to the SQL Errorlog daily at around midnight:

"The instance of SQL server has been using process ID of xxxxx since <date in local time> <date in UTC>. This is an informational message only; no user action is required."


Monday, September 19, 2011 - 9:24:52 AM - Greg Robidoux Back To Top

Thanks Paul for these additional items. 

Greg


Monday, September 19, 2011 - 9:08:21 AM - Paul Paiva Back To Top

Greg, thanks for a great article.

Here's a few more ways to identify the start time of the SQL Server instance:

1)  SELECT create_date FROM sys.databases WHERE name = 'tempdb'

This is because tempdb is always created afresh with every start up of the instance.

2)  SELECT Min(login_time), Min(last_batch) FROM sys.sysprocesses

This works because the login_time and last_batch times of any spid under 51 have the start-up time.

3)  Executing sp_who2 will give essentially the same info as (2).
 
Paul

 

 

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