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Monitoring SQL Server 2012 - Capture and Parse sp_server_diagnostics output

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If you're one of the lucky ones, you or your company has the ability to purchase third party software to monitor the health of your database systems. If you're not, now with SQL Server 2012, Microsoft has introduced the sp_server_diagnostics stored procedure which provides us with a lot of valuable insight into the health of our system. This tip will look at how we can parse the output of this stored procedure to give us some useful information on the state of our database system.


If you haven't read anything about the sp_server_diagnostics stored procedure this tip provides a good high level overview of the information output by this system stored procedure. Now that we have an idea of some of the data output by this stored procedure, let's take a look at some examples from each component and how we can parse the xml data returned.

Overview of components

We'll start by checking the status of each of the components that make up the sp_server_diagnostics output. In order to more easily work with the results of the stored procedure, especially because we are going to be running many queries against the result set, let's store the output into a temporary table so we can query it as many times as we need. Here is the query to both create the temporary table as well as load the output into this table.

CREATE TABLE #ServerStats (create_time datetime,
                           component_type sysname,
                           component_name sysname,
                           state int,
                           state_desc sysname,
                           data xml)
INSERT INTO #ServerStats execute sp_server_diagnostics

With the temporary table loaded we can now check the status of each component. Note that the "events" component will always have a status of unknown. Here is the query and a sample output.

-- Overview 
SELECT create_time as "Date",
       component_name as "Component",
       state_desc as "Status" 
  FROM #ServerStats

Date Component Status
2014-02-28 22:11:15.787 system clean
2014-02-28 22:11:15.787 resource clean
2014-02-28 22:11:15.787 query_processing clean
2014-02-28 22:11:15.787 io_subsystem clean
2014-02-28 22:11:15.787 events unknown


Now let's dig into the system component which gives us some high level information on system related components like CPU and memory. In order to extract this information, we'll need to parse the xml output for this component. There are a few ways you could do this but we'll do it by using the XQuery value() method. Here is an example query and its output.

-- System
select 'System' as "System",
       data.value('(/system/@systemCpuUtilization)[1]','bigint') as "System CPU",
       data.value('(/system/@sqlCpuUtilization)[1]','bigint') as "SQL CPU",
       data.value('(/system/@nonYieldingTasksReported)[1]','bigint') as "Non-yielding Tasks",
       data.value('(/system/@pageFaults)[1]','bigint') as "Page Faults",
       data.value('(/system/@latchWarnings)[1]','bigint') as "LatchWarnings"
  from #ServerStats 
 where component_name like 'system'

System System CPU SQL CPU Non-yielding Tasks Page Faults LatchWarnings
System 4 14 0 2717 0


Next let's take a look into the resource component which gives us a fairly detailed view of the memory use within our system. Again we will use XQuery value() method to extract any of the information we are interested in viewing. Here is an example query and its output.

-- Memory
select 'Memory' as "Memory",
       data.value('(/resource/memoryReport/entry[@description="Working Set"]/@value)[1]',
          'float')/1024/1024 as "Memory Used by SQL Server (MB)",
       data.value('(/resource/memoryReport/entry[@description="Available Physical Memory"]/@value)[1]',
          'float')/1024/1024 as "Physical Memory Available (MB)",
          as "Last Notification",
          as "Out of Memory Exceptions"
  from #ServerStats 
 where component_name like 'resource'

Memory Memory Used by SQL Server (MB) Physical Memory Available (MB) Last Notification Out of Memory Exceptions
Memory 130.25 537.25 RESOURCE_MEM_STEADY 0

Query Processing

The query processing component contains a lot of detailed information on waits as well as CPU intensive and blocking queries. Let's first take a look at the wait information returned by this component which is divided into two categories, preemptive and nonpreemptive. Within these two categories the waits are further broken down and sorted by number of occurrences (count) or by duration. To query this data we need to shred the XML using the XQuery nodes() method and the CROSS APPLY TSQL function. Here is an example query and output for each category.

-- Nonpreemptive waits by duration
select 'Non Preemptive by duration' as "Wait",
       tbl.evt.value('(@waitType)','varchar(100)') as "Wait Type",
       tbl.evt.value('(@waits)','bigint') as "Waits",
       tbl.evt.value('(@averageWaitTime)','bigint') as "Avg Wait Time",
       tbl.evt.value('(@maxWaitTime)','bigint') as "Max Wait Time"
from #ServerStats CROSS APPLY 
     data.nodes('/queryProcessing/topWaits/nonPreemptive/byDuration/wait') AS tbl(evt)
 where component_name like 'query_processing'

Wait Wait Type Waits Avg Wait Time Max Wait Time
Non Preemptive by duration CLR_AUTO_EVENT 8807 3384270126 639906300
Non Preemptive by duration HADR_FILESTREAM_IOMGR_IOCOMPLETION 3365570 1692111738 11811
Non Preemptive by duration TRACEWRITE 432995 868715044 13822
Non Preemptive by duration LCK_M_U 6 572063 253719
Non Preemptive by duration ASYNC_NETWORK_IO 1646 72411 2117
Non Preemptive by duration SLEEP_MASTERDBREADY 1 26795 26795
Non Preemptive by duration FT_IFTSHC_MUTEX 3 15013 15013
Non Preemptive by duration PAGEIOLATCH_EX 80 10859 1329
Non Preemptive by duration IO_COMPLETION 846 9788 278
Non Preemptive by duration PAGEIOLATCH_SH 589 6411 273

-- Preemptive waits by duration
select 'Preemptive by duration' as "Wait",
       tbl.evt.value('(@waitType)','varchar(100)') as "Wait Type",
       tbl.evt.value('(@waits)','bigint') as "Waits",
       tbl.evt.value('(@averageWaitTime)','bigint') as "Avg Wait Time",
       tbl.evt.value('(@maxWaitTime)','bigint') as "Max Wait Time"
from #ServerStats CROSS APPLY
     data.nodes('/queryProcessing/topWaits/preemptive/byDuration/wait') AS tbl(evt)
 where component_name like 'query_processing'

Wait Wait Type Waits Avg Wait Time Max Wait Time
Preemptive by duration PREEMPTIVE_XE_CALLBACKEXECUTE 83605750 86073 340
Preemptive by duration PREEMPTIVE_OS_WAITFORSINGLEOBJECT 525 72304 2117
Preemptive by duration PREEMPTIVE_OS_LIBRARYOPS/td> 1 17023 17023
Preemptive by duration PREEMPTIVE_OS_PIPEOPS 1 14859 14859
Preemptive by duration PREEMPTIVE_OS_GENERICOPS 15 14114 14021
Preemptive by duration PREEMPTIVE_OS_QUERYREGISTRY 28115 14074 1988
Preemptive by duration PREEMPTIVE_OS_WRITEFILEGATHER 82 3201 241
Preemptive by duration PREEMPTIVE_OS_SQMLAUNCH 21 1872 1866
Preemptive by duration PREEMPTIVE_OS_WRITEFILE 185 1816 142
Preemptive by duration PREEMPTIVE_OS_FILEOPS 142 1282 106

Similarly, to extract the list of CPU intensive queries we need to shred the XML column. Here is the query to do this as well as sample output.

-- CPU intensive queries
select 'CPU Intensive Queries' as "CPU Intensive Queries",
       tbl.evt.value('(@sessionId)','bigint') as "Session ID",
       tbl.evt.value('(@command)','varchar(100)') as "Command",
       tbl.evt.value('(@cpuUtilization)','bigint') as "CPU",
       tbl.evt.value('(@cpuTimeMs)','bigint') as "CPU Time (ms)"
  from #ServerStats CROSS APPLY
       data.nodes('/queryProcessing/cpuIntensiveRequests/request') AS tbl(evt)
 where component_name like 'query_processing'

CPU Intensive Queries Session ID Command CPU CPU Time (ms)
CPU Intensive Queries 54 UPDATE 93 48344
CPU Intensive Queries 57 SELECT 0 344
CPU Intensive Queries 52 EXECUTE 0 32

The blocked process reports can also be extracted with this method. I've included an example query below, but not the output since the XML report returned here is the same thing you are familiar with if you've ever enabled this event in a SQL Trace session and would not display nicely due to its length.

-- Blocked Process Reports
select 'Blocked Process Report' as "Blocked Process Report",
       tbl.evt.query('.') as "Report XML"
from #ServerStats CROSS APPLY
     data.nodes('/queryProcessing/blockingTasks/blocked-process-report') AS tbl(evt)
 where component_name like 'query_processing'

IO Subsystem

Looking into the IO subsystem component a little deeper we see that we can extract both high and some lower level information on IO performance. The following example query pulls out a few of the high level performance details. You could also use the same shredding technique we used above to expand the details of the longestPendingRequests node to drill down to any specific files that are having an issue. A sample output of the query is also provided below.

-- IO report
select 'IO Subsystem' as "IO Subsystem",
       data.value('(/ioSubsystem/@ioLatchTimeouts)[1]','bigint') as "Latch Timeouts",
       data.value('(/ioSubsystem/@totalLongIos)[1]','bigint') as "Total Long IOs"
from #ServerStats 
 where component_name like 'io_subsystem'

IO Subsystem Latch Timeouts Total Long IOs
IO Subsystem 0 0


The event component is the final component we need to dive into. This component contains information on any events in your system related to memory, CPU, other resources, etc... Since it contains different types of events, depending on the event captured the data captured will be different as well. Because of this I simply capture the event time and the xml output. If you are troubleshooting a specific event you can filter as required, but for monitoring I like to see all of the events. Here is a sample query and truncated event data output.

-- Event information
select tbl.evt.value('(@name)','varchar(100)') as "Event Name",
       tbl.evt.value('(@package)','varchar(100)') as "Package",
       tbl.evt.value('(@timestamp)','datetime') as "Event Time",
       tbl.evt.query('.') as "Event Data"
 from #ServerStats 
  CROSS APPLY data.nodes('/events/session/RingBufferTarget/event') AS tbl(evt)
where component_name like 'events'

Event Name Package Event Time Event Data
memory_broker_ring_buffer_recorded sqlos 2014-03-10 16:34:26.223 ...
scheduler_monitor_system_health_ring_buffer_recorded sqlos 2014-03-10 16:35:15.063 ...
resource_monitor_ring_buffer_recorded sqlos 2014-03-10 16:35:27.337 ...


As you can see we can get quite a bit of system health/performance information from this stored procedure. The complete script listing of the queries above can be used or edited as required for your environment. I've found the easiest way to see what's available is to simply return the entire xml data column and then select out what you feel is most relevant.

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About the author
MSSQLTips author Ben Snaidero Ben Snaidero has been a SQL Server and Oracle DBA for over 10 years and focuses on performance tuning.

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Thursday, March 24, 2016 - 10:01:41 AM - Fabricio Back To Top

That is amazing!!!




Save a lot of time!!! 


Saturday, February 28, 2015 - 3:58:35 AM - ananda Back To Top

Thank you for posting Fantastic script, Is it possible for receiving email notification as above all the events? 

Friday, April 04, 2014 - 12:51:48 AM - Chhavi_MCITP Back To Top


Thursday, April 03, 2014 - 10:00:14 PM - Jeremy Kadlec Back To Top


The URL for the full script listing has been updated.

Thank you,
Jeremy Kadlec
MSSQLTips.com Community Co-Leader

Thursday, April 03, 2014 - 4:29:56 PM - Vijay Kanaparthy Back To Top


Thursday, April 03, 2014 - 12:34:20 PM - Jeff Bennett Back To Top

Good stuff!  The link to the full script listing results in a 404 error. 

Thursday, April 03, 2014 - 9:49:44 AM - Ranga Back To Top


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