We have been using AdventureWorks and AdventureWorksDW sample SQL Server databases since SQL Server 2005 for both OLTP and OLAP environments. I am looking for the sample database where I can learn and play with the new features. Now with SQL Server 2016 Microsoft has come up with a new sample database, in this tip we will be exploring and see how useful these sample databases are for us.
Microsoft has taken a leap forward with SQL Server 2016 with its mission critical capabilities and features. There are new sample databases introduced, WideWorldImporters and WideWorldImportersDW for both OLTP and OLAP environments. This is applicable for both on-premises SQL Server instances and SQL Azure.
In SQL Server 2016, Microsoft has provided a version of the sample database according to the SQL Server edition. Let's get a basic understanding of these databases. You can also download these databases by clicking on the database name below.
1. WideWorldImporters-Full.bak - This sample database is for SQL Server enterprise, developer and evaluation edition and can be useful for OLTP and real time analytics operations.
2. WideWorldImportersDW-Full.bak - This sample database is for Online Analytical Processing (OLAP) and is useful for SQL Server enterprise, developer and evaluation edition.
3. WideWorldImporters-Standard.bak - This sample database is for SQL Server 2016 standard edition and useful for OLTP environments.
4. WideWorldImportersDW-Standard - This sample database is for OLAP needs for SQL Server 2016 standard edition.
5. WideWorldImporters-Standrad.bacpac - This sample database is a BACPAC file format and can be used as a Azure OLTP sample database.
6. 2. WideWorldImportersDW-Standard.bacpac - This sample database is a BACPAC file format and can be used as an Azure OLAP sample database.
I am using SQL Server 2016 evaluation edition and have restored the WideWorldImporters-Full.bak and WideWorldImportersDW-Full.bak database. As a next step, let's review some sample code to complete the restore process.
Restore WideWorldImporters Sample Database in SQL Server 2016
USE [master] RESTORE DATABASE [WideWorldImporters] FROM DISK = N'R:\SQLbackups\WideWorldImporters-Full.bak' WITH FILE = 1, MOVE N'WWI_Primary' TO N'F:\SQL_Data\WideWorldImporters.mdf', MOVE N'WWI_UserData' TO N'F:\SQL_Data\WideWorldImporters_UserData.ndf', MOVE N'WWI_Log' TO N'L:\SQL_Logs\SQL2016\WideWorldImporters.ldf', MOVE N'WWI_InMemory_Data_1' TO N'F:\SQL_Data\WideWorldImporters_InMemory_Data_1', NOUNLOAD, STATS = 5 GO
Restore WideWorldImportersDW Sample Database in SQL Server 2016
USE [master] RESTORE DATABASE [WideWorldImportersDW] FROM DISK = N'R:\SQLbackups\WideWorldImportersDW-Full.bak' WITH FILE = 1, MOVE N'WWI_Primary' TO N'F:\SQL_Data\WideWorldImportersDW.mdf', MOVE N'WWI_UserData' TO N'F:\SQL_Data\WideWorldImportersDW_UserData.ndf', MOVE N'WWI_Log' TO N'L:\SQL_Logs\SQL2016\WideWorldImportersDW.ldf', MOVE N'WWIDW_InMemory_Data_1' TO N'F:\SQL_Data\WideWorldImportersDW_InMemory_Data_1', NOUNLOAD, REPLACE, STATS = 5 GO
Features of the WideWorldImporters Sample Database in SQL Server 2016
As per MSDN, the WorldWideImporters database can be useful for testing new functionality available with SQL Server 2016 including:
- Archive tables can be stretched to Azure for long-term retention, reducing storage cost and improving manageability.
- Query Store is used to keep track of query performance.
- Temporal tables are used to conveniently keep track of the history of reference data, as well as some of the main entities.
- JSON is used to enable AJAX calls to some of the key tables, and also to extend the relational schema to record such things as application settings and user preferences.
- Advanced security features like Always Encrypted, Row-Level Security and Dynamic Data Masking are used to secure data.
- In-Memory OLTP is used to optimize the performance of table-valued parameters (TVPs) and to optimize ingestion of sensor data.
- Clustered columnstore indexes are used to reduce the storage footprint of large tables with insert-only workload.
- Partitioning is used to improve the manageability of large tables.
Features of the WideWorldImportersDW Sample Database in SQL Server 2016
WideWorldImportersDW is the main database for data warehousing and analytics (OLAP – Online Analytical Processing). The data in this database is derived from the transactional database WideWorldImporters, but it uses a schema that is specifically optimized for analytics. Below are the features of the database:
- Clustered columnstore indexes are used to reduce the storage footprint and improve query performance for the fact tables.
- PolyBase is used to correlate data in the local database with a public data set in Azure Blog storage.
- In-Memory OLTP is used to improve the performance of the ETL process.
- Partitioning is used to improve manageability of the fact tables, which can grow very large in a data warehouse.
WideWorldImporters Database Properties
Below are some screen shots from the WideWorldImporters database:
Query store enabled by default
Database with an in memory data file
Database tables overview- system-versioned temporal tables
WideWorldImportersDW SQL Server Database Properties
Query store enabled by default
Database with an in memory data file
Data Generation in the WideworldImporters SQL Server Database
One of the good features of the WideWorldImporters and WideWorldImportersDW databases is that data can be generated to the latest date. Currently Microsoft has provided data from January 2013 to May 2013, but if we want to generate data to the current date it is possible with the below script:
EXECUTE DataLoadSimulation.PopulateDataToCurrentDate @AverageNumberOfCustomerOrdersPerDay = 60, @SaturdayPercentageOfNormalWorkDay = 50, @SundayPercentageOfNormalWorkDay = 0, @IsSilentMode = 1, @AreDatesPrinted = 1;
We can set the parameters based on the data we require and the data will be generated accordingly. I have modified the parameter to generate more records in the example below:
EXECUTE DataLoadSimulation.PopulateDataToCurrentDate @AverageNumberOfCustomerOrdersPerDay = 100, @SaturdayPercentageOfNormalWorkDay = 70, @SundayPercentageOfNormalWorkDay =20 , @IsSilentMode = 1, @AreDatesPrinted = 1;
Reseed the OLAP Database
Reseed the OLAP database by executing the query below:
Sample SQL Server Integration Services Package
Microsoft has also provided an SSIS Package (Daily.ETL.ISPAC) for ETL needs from the OLTP to the OLAP database. We will be looking into package more in a future tip. Keep in mind this ETL package is common for both standard and enterprise editions.
SQL Server Sample and Examples
Microsoft has also provided a rich set of samples to explore the SQL Server 2016 features for Always Encrypted, Row Level Security, Operational Analytics, Polybase and In-Memory OLTP. The samples can be download from here.
SQL Server 2016 Sample Workloads
SQL Server 2016 also includes sample workloads for the WideWorldImporters sample databases. These are Windows Form applications that will only run on Windows, this can be download from here.
This includes two application workloads:
1. Order-Insert: This application is used to provide an intensive order entry workload for the WideWorldImporters database.
2.Vehicle Location insert: This application is used to compare the insertion of rows into OnDisk and In Memory tables in the WideWorldImporters database.
I will be exploring more on these application workloads in future tips.
- Download and explore SQL Server 2016.
- Check out SQL Server 2016 Tips.
- Read more about WideWorldImporters OLTP database.
- Read more about Wide World Importers data warehousing and analytics database
Last Update: 2016-08-02
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